What uses is Zyban?
Helping smokers quit smoking. Zyban is for smokers over 18 years old.
Zyban can increase your chances of giving in, but it won’t make you give up. Your determination and willpower will still be required. It’s important that you get as much support as possible while you give up. This will increase your chances of success. This support can be provided by your doctor, local pharmacist or practice nurse.
What is Zyban?
Zyban tablets contain bupropion hydrochloride as the active ingredient. This medicine is used to stop nicotine addiction. It works in the brain, but it is not nicotine replacement therapy.
We don’t know how bupropion helps people quit smoking. Bupropion can increase levels of dopamine and noradrenaline in the brain. These neurotransmitters have been shown to influence mood and behaviour. Although the exact effects of increasing these neurotransmitters are not known, they do appear to reduce your desire for smoking and increase your resistance to temptation.
- Start Zyban treatment while you smoke. Set a target stop date for the second week. Because the medicine takes time to work.
- Zyban tablets are available for purchase Either with or without food They should be. They should be Take them whole and drink water. Do not crush, chew or break them.. Tablets are called ‘prolonged-release’ tablets. This means that the medicine is slowly released over several hours. Side effects can increase if you crush, chew, or break the tablets.
- For the first six days, one tablet is recommended daily. The dose will increase to one tablet every seven days.It may be recommended that elderly people, people with kidney or liver disease, and people at higher risk of falling (see below), continue to take the medicine one time per day. Follow your doctor’s instructions.
- Between your doses, there should be at least eight hours. If you take the medicine twice daily, it is best to take the first dose as soon as you wake up and the second at least eight hours later. Avoid taking the second dose right before bed, as insomnia is a common side effect.
- You can forget to take your dose You can leave the missed dose out and just take your next dose at your regular time. Do not take more than one dose to make up the missed dose.
- Your doctor may ask you to stop using Zyban if you are still not able to quit smoking by the seventh week. You can continue zyban treatment for up to nine weeks if you have quit smoking. You may be advised by your doctor to stop slowly.
What should I know about Zyban before I take it?
- Zyban could reduce your ability to Drive or operate machinery safely. You should not operate any machinery or drive until you have a clear understanding of how the medicine affects you.
- Limit how much you consume alcohol Zyban can be taken with or without alcohol. Some people are more sensitive to alcohol when they take Zyban.
- Zyban can cause seizures or fits, but these are rare side effects. Your doctor might not recommend Zyban if you are at greater risk of experiencing a fit (see below). You should not take Zyban for longer than prescribed by your doctor. This increases your risk of experiencing a seizure. If you have seizures while taking Zyban treatment, it is best to stop and not resume.
- Your blood pressure should be monitored while you are taking Zyabn because it can sometimes cause blood pressure to increase.
- People can feel depressed after quitting smoking. Some may even consider suicide or self-harm. People who have tried Zyban to quit smoking also reported these feelings. You should immediately consult your doctor if you notice changes in your mood, behaviour, depression, or thoughts about suicide.
- Some urine drug tests for amphetamines may show false positives due to Zyban. Tell your doctor or hospital if you need a urine test.
Who may need to take Zyban at a lower dose or have extra monitoring?
- People who have kidney or liver issues.
- People who drink a lot of alcohol regularly.
- A person who has suffered a head injury.
- People who take medicines that increase the risk of having seizures (see bottom of page).
- People with diabetes treated with insulin or other medicines.
- People with high blood pressure (hypertension).
- People who have a history of psychiatric illness.
Zyban is safe for everyone.
- People with a history of fits (seizures) or disorders that cause fits, eg brain injury or epilepsy.
- Patients with a brain tumour or spinal cord tumor (central nervous system)
- People going through an abrupt withdrawal from alcohol, or any drug or medication for which there is a chance of seizures during withdrawal.
- People with anorexia nervosa or a history of this.
- People with bulimia nervosa or a history of this.
- People with a history of bipolar disorder (manic depression).
- People with severe cirrhosis of the liver.
- Patients who have taken monoamine-oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) for depression and Parkinson’s disease (see the end of this page for more details).
- Bupropion-containing products are not recommended for use.
- Allergy to any of the ingredients in the tablets
- As the manufacturer has not tested its safety and effectiveness in this age range, children and adolescents younger than 18 years old are not eligible.
- Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Zyban can be dangerous to your baby if it is used during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant or nursing and can’t quit smoking by willpower alone.
What side effects can Zyban have?
Individuals can experience side effects from medicines in different ways. Bupropion can cause side effects such as the following. This does not mean that everyone who takes zyban will experience the side effect.